Uveitis in Dogs – What is it, Causes, Examination and Treatment.

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What is Uveitis in Dogs?

This is the inflammation of the uvea, which is a constitutive membrane of the eye (iris, ciliary body and/or choroid).

It is caused by variety of causes, some of which are more general illnesses.

 What Happens When Your Dog Have Uveitis:

The uvea is a membrane composed of 3 elements with totally different functions:

1. – The iris is the lens of the eye, like that of a camera.

2. – The ciliary body around the iris, which has two functions: it secretes aqueous substance and participates in the accommodation of the eyes by contracting it.

3. – The choroid is the membrane that allows vascularization and nutrition of the eye.

Uveitis is an inflammation of these three elements. This is manifested by redness of the eye and also a decrease in visual acuity. pain is associated with what can be perceived by the firm impression that the dog’s eye (blepharospasm).

The Causes Of Uveitis:

–  Idiopatic diseases like epilepsy and seizures (no known cause)
–  Traumatic
–  Glaucoma
–  Lensluxation
–  Corneal Ulcer
–  Leishmaniosis
–  and others…

The Examination In The Veterinary Office:

When in the veterinary office, the attention will be focused on the fundus of the eye, which is systematically examined by the vet on the way.

Depending on the conditions associated with uveitis, other eye examinations will have to be undertaken: Ultrasound of the eye, tonometry to measure the pressure of the eyeball and assessment of the presence of corneal ulcers.

Then the vet will obviously make testing for more general health issues: like blood pressure tests, etc..

Treatment of Uveitis

It depends on the different causes, as we have seen they are numerous. The treatment that is established can be heavy.

Here are some precarious measures:

–  Wash the eye in the morning and evening with saline.
–  Use anti-inflammatory eye drops to reduce flare-ups.
–  Use mydriatic cycloplegic drugs and drops to reduce pain and bad complications (eye pain/inflamations).
–  Hospitalization may be required to complete the assessment.

Read more on dog eye health at: sparkypup.com

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