NSCLC (Non-small-cell lung carcinoma) – Its Causes, Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Possible Prevention.

microscopic image of squamous cell carcinoma cells
image source: wikipedia

Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma or NSCLC  equals to lung cancer and this sub-type has the highest frequency at present. NSCLC has several subtypes and each has different type of effects, but all of them unfortunately lead to the same sad ending.  Cancer is the disease of this century and a lot of people die due to this disease.

Unfortunately, there are no sure things, when it comes to preventing any sort of cancer to happen, but there are some good tips for everyone that will help them to have a healthier lifestyle and this way decreasing the danger of NSCLC to appear.

What exactly is NSCLC?

NSCLC is not a specific disease, but rather a collective name of all lung cancers that have the same common feature to have non-small cell molecules that cause the disease to spread. Let’s take a look at the subtypes of NSCLC:

•    Adenocarcinoma:

This sort of lung cancer is the most likely type molecule to cause cancer in those who have never smoked in their lives. This sort of cancer is one of the most common sorts of cancer to happen covering 40% of all types of lung cancer.  This sort of disease can be seen on X-Ray to attack the lungs peripherally.

•    Squamous cell lung carcinoma (SCC)

This sort of lung cancer seems to concentrate more on men than on women.  SCC is the sort of cancer connected with the habit of smoking. In parallel with this, the cancer can mostly be avoided by instantly stopping smoking.

•    Large-cell lung carcinoma (LCLC)

This sort of carcinoma is rather applied as a collective name for all those types of lung cancer which cannot clearly be classified as Adenocarcinoma or SCC. Therefore, it is rather an exception than a normal sort in itself.

The primary causes of NSCLC

The bad thing is that the exact cause of cancer is not clearly known; however, it is being continuously investigated. The most common reasons include the polluted air of the city, smoking cigarettes, pipes or cigars and stress.

Diagnosing NSCLC

Unfortunately, NSCLC is extremely hard to diagnose in its starting phase. The most commonly used way of diagnose is still X-Ray that has the clearest sight on the lungs. 

Common Symptoms of NSCLC

The common symptoms cannot really be connected to be caused by such a serious if not fatal illness. These include the following:

Please edit and correct this sentence to make it more clear, because now it doesn’t sound really good neither understandable.

–  Coughing
–  Pain in the chest
–  Breath shortness
–  Blood appearing upon coughing
–  Hoarseness
–  Bronchitis and pneumonia appearing too often
–  Loss of hunger
–  Loss of weight within a short amount of time
–  Loss of energy
–  Wheezing

Treatments of NSCLC

It is vital to cure NSCLC in the early stages or as soon as possible. As NSCLC molecules are only slightly affected by chemotherapy, new methods have been developed in the possible cure of this very serious illness. These include the following:

*  Lobectomy – when the diseased part of the lung gets removed 
*  Pneumonectomy – when the entire lung gets removed
*  Wedge resection – when part of the lobe gets removed
*  Chemotherapy
*  Radiology

New methods include the following medications or surgery methods. These are using newly developed medications that help targeting the exact area without the destruction of any healthy zones.

*  Crizotinib (Xalkori)
*  Ceritinib
*  Cyberknife
*  Chemotherapy
*  stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS)

Prevention of NSCLC

There are no sure methods to avoid getting lung cancer, but some of the below-mentioned methods can surely be a great achievement and can really reduce the risks:

–    Do not live in a polluted area.
–    Avoid anything made of asbestos(it can cause Asbestosis) or that includes Radon (something only experts can state, but the recent construction laws prohibit everyone from using these elements).
–    Quit smoking immediately – there are several helpers in this.
–    Avoid stress.
–    Exercise at least 2-3 times a week.

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